General Information of Alegria, Surigao del Norte

1. Geographic location & territorial jurisdiction

The Municipality of Alegria in the Province of Surigao del Norte, at Caraga Region, is situated at the latitude of 9 degrees 23′-9° 27′ and longitude of 125 degrees 31’45”-125 degrees 44’30”. It is bounded in the north by the Municipalities of Mainit and Tubod, in the east by the Municipality of Bacuag, in the west by Lake Mainit and in the south by the Municipality of Kitcharao.

2. Barangay subdivision

There are twelve (12) barangays comprising the Municipality.Three (3) of which are located in the mountainous area,namely:Camp Eduard,Budlingin and Ferlda.Five (5) belongs to the urban barangays, such as,Poblacion,Julio Ouano,Gamuton,Anahaw and San Pedro;while the rest are classified as rural barangays, namely:Alipao,San Juan, Pongtud and Ombong.

3. Topograph & Slope

Alegria’s topography is characterized by rolling terrain with an average elevation of 480 meters above sea level and a maximum elevation of 975 meters of the Kinabutan range. The existence of Surigao mountains in its eastern side and Agusan mountains on the north made the municipality below the typhoon belt. Almost 50% of the entire area is the situational factor that contributes an advantage to Alegria to be highly suitable for agricultural production that allocates the over-all socio-economic developments.

4. Soil Type

There are three major types of soil present in the area. These are the Anao-aon clay loam which covers 25.47% of the whole area; the Bolinao clay covering 63.11% and Kitcharao clay loam with 11.42%. Generally, the soil of this kind is fertile. The organic layer of the soil is thick and not easily removed by rain, wind, fire, and cultivation.

5. Climate

Based on the provincial climate classification, Alegria belongs to climatic type number II. Dry months are April, May, June, and August with the lowest precipitation of 62mm. The driest month is May and the wettest month is December.

Surigao del Norte has an average mean temperature of 27.9oC for the last 30 years from 1981 to 2010 as recorded by the Philippine Atmospheric Geophysical and Astronomical Service Administration (PAGASA), its average maximum temperature is 31.5oC and its average minimum temperature is 24.2oC. The month of January is considered as the coldest and with an average mean temperature of 26.3oC with 88% humidity while the month of May is considered as the hottest with an average mean temperature of 28.8oC. Beginning the month of December, the rainfall increase until February while this will drop from March to September and the annual rainfall recorded is 3,651.8 mm.

The prevailing wind direction is north-east beginning December to February and during this period most of the tropical cyclones that entered the country were experienced which causes flooding to most of the low-lying areas. Easterly winds can be observed during the months of March to May and southwest winds prevailed from June to September.

Alegria may have an average 1.1oC increase in temperature by 2020 and an average 1.9oC increase in 2050. The average rainfall will increase to 2.1 percent during the months of December to February and 4.2 percent from September to November by 2020 rainfall projections. During the period also noted that a drop of rainfall to 11.4 percent will be experienced during March to May period. Rainfall projections will continue to increase by 2050 from December to February and September to November gradually while the drop of rainfall will be severely experienced. This climate scenario may have a significant impact on agriculture, water supply, aquatic resource production, health, and forestry and possibly more tropical cyclone will visit our place due to the rise of temperature.

6. Natural Resources

In the next generations to come, whenever demand of additional electric power is needed due to increase in population and economic activities, the Lumondo Falls can generate electric power enough to provide the consumption in the entire area of the municipality and would mean no longer dependent from SURNECO, the service provider.

In the entire area of the municipality, identified watershed areas are those upland areas where the source of potable water supply is found. There are at least 6 sources of potable water supply whose surrounding areas must be protected from any form of destruction activities. Legislations must be put in place and exact delineation should be conducted for future reference and proper protection measures.